Hotel Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design

Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) has become a recognized tool for the architect and developer in the construction of a lodging or hospitality facility.

The basic principles of CPTED include target hardening (controlling access to neighborhoods and buildings and conducting surveillance on specific areas to reduce opportunities for crime to occur) and territorial reinforcement (increasing the sense of security in settings where people live and work through activities that encourage informal control of the environment).

Some CPTED considerations for a lodging facility might include:

  • Ability to see persons on an elevator at lobby level from the front desk.

  • Entrances well-lit and designed so as to eliminate areas in which a person might hide.

  • Guest room corridors well-lit and without areas in which a person might hide.

  • Lighting on the exterior of the structure that will not be screened-out by landscaping or building features-again,an avoidance of hiding places.

  • Pool and health club locations where a ready check might be made by staff passing in the vicinity of the facility.

  • In general, a layout that will maximise the sense of openness and a awareness of persons in the territory (territorial reinforcement).     

In designing or redesigning the physical security of a hotel or motel, a number of factors should be taken into consideration. In addition, an effort should be made to develop a self-inspection or survey form tailored to the property.



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