Types of Security Alarm Systems Used in Hotels
Hotels are a prime target for theft, burglary, and other security breaches. To ensure the safety of their guests and employees, hotels use various types of security alarm systems. The first type of security alarm system used in hotels is the intrusion detection system. This system uses sensors or motion detectors to detect any unauthorized entry into the hotel premises.
Another type of security alarm system used in hotels is the fire alarm system. This system is used to detect any smoke or fire in the hotel building and alert the guests and employees to evacuate the premises immediately. The third type of security alarm system used in hotels is the panic alarm system. This system is used to alert the hotel staff in case of emergency situations such as medical emergencies, violence or any other safety threats.
The fourth type of security alarm system used in hotels is the access control system. This system is used to control the entry and exit of guests and employees to restricted areas of the hotel, such as the guest rooms, the hotel vault or the security office. The fifth type of security alarm system used in hotels is the CCTV system. This system uses cameras to monitor the hotel premises and record any suspicious activities that may occur.
There is a growing use of alarm systems in some hotels and motels. Alarm systems may sometimes be invaluable for the many entrances and emergency exits found through a hotel or motel and for perimeter control.
There should be a control center for all property alarms and the same should be properly located, Access to this room should be only permitted to authorized persons.
Alarm systems are mainly divided into three types:
- Local alarms.
- Contact alarms.
- Remote alarms.
Local alarms are those not hard-wired to a central monitoring location and may serve as deterrents. An example is the local alarm that is integrated with the panic hardware on a fire exit. When the exit door is opened, the circuit is broken and the alarm sounds.
Contact alarm systems are hard-wired to a central point. so the same can be monitored and appropriate action may be taken when the alarm goes off. Silent alarms are always hard-wired to a central point and may be considered for cashier areas, storerooms, and other areas. From such a point, the alarm can be silently transmitted to the telephone room, police department, or private security company; both the police and the on-premises security personnel can be alerted.
An example of a contact alarm sometimes used in cashier areas that are helpful during robberies involves using a money clip that cannot be removed from a cash register without tripping a silent alarm.
Remote alarm systems typically rely on some sort of transmission, for example, the more elaborate microwaves, radio waves, and photoelectric light.
Microwave detectors are active units that transmit and receive electromagnetic energy and are designed to detect motion. Perimeter protection with microwaves is used in some properties due to its long-range capabilities; its potential for stability, once adjusted; and its virtually tamper-proof characteristics.
This is best used in locations where unwanted movement should be detected.
Radiofrequency (R F) fields trip an alarm when any intruder breaks the radio wave by moving into an R F field. As with the use of the microwave detector noted above, these systems are of greatest value in locations where there should be no motion.
This system is best used as an intruder alarm.
The photoelectric light beam is a filtered light beam that passes between a sending and receiving unit; as is the case in R F field systems, any break in the beam sets off an alarm.
This system is generally used for outside perimeter control, especially in resort properties.
Finally Fire Safety Alarms:
While the use of some alarm systems is usually optional, fire alarm systems are generally required by local fire and safety Laws.
Fire alarms are required to alert employees of fires or other emergency conditions. Because of this reason all hotels, motels, and apartments must have a fire alarm system in proper operating condition which is tested at least every two months.
All of these security alarm systems are essential to ensure the safety and security of guests and employees in hotels. By implementing these security measures, hotels can provide a secure and comfortable environment for their guests to enjoy their stay.