Different Types of Brushes and Mops used in Housekeeping
1) Types of Brushes
Brushes are designed to remove dry, wet and or ingrained dust and dirt from hard or soft surfaces. There are two types of Brushes Hard Brushes and Soft Brushes each used for different purposes.
Hard brushes have bristles that are fairly stiff and well spaced out. They are most suitable for removal of heavy soil and litter from carpets and for cleaning rough surfaces. e.g. – deck scrubber for floors
Soft brushes have bristles that are fairly flexible and set close together. They help to remove loose soil and litter on hard and smooth surfaces.
Such brushes may be designed to dust carpets and furniture, specially those that are made of cane and wicker.
2) Types of Mops (Dry and Wet)
Also called as dust control mops, these are designed to remove soil and debris from floors, walls and ceilings without raising and dissipating dust. These mops generally consist of a handle to which a metal frame is attached. The mop head is either inserted into the frame or stretched over it, according to the type.
Example of Dry Mops:
Mops with impregnated fringes
These mops consist of dense cotton fringes, approximately 15 cm in length, inserted into a metal frame of 15-120 cm length. The dust is held onto the mops by the oil.
Impregnated mop sweepers
These mops consist of a double-hinged frame and are thus called 'V-sweepers' Also Knows as Scissor action sweepers. The mops can be pre-impregnated or may require impregnation before each use. Following impregnation, sufficient time must be allowed for the mineral oil to cure the fibres; else the mop will leave a film of oil on the cleaned surface due to improper curing.
These mops consist of acrylic, nylon or polyester strands fixed to a backing stretched over a metal frame. When in use, the fringes splay out to form a large surface area, holding dust by means of a static charge that builds up on the fringe. Static mops are more easily maintained than impregnated mops.
These mops consist of a handle with a soft pad at the end, onto which a cheap cotton or synthetic material is affixed.
Wet Mops or Damp Mops
Wet mops are used in conjunction with buckets for the removal of dirt adhering to a surface. The mop heads can be made of cotton, sponge or any other fibre capable of absorbing water or moisture well.
Some examples of wet mops are Kentucky mops, Do-All Mops, Foss Mops, Squeege etc.
These mops consist of cotton strands fixed to a length of cotton fabric which is in turn inserted into a flat metal stock. They are available in weights ranging from 330g to 670g.
The strands may be stitched together or un stitched. The stitched ones are less likely to tangle, can be laundered more easily and are likely to last longer than un stitched mops.
These mops consist of strands of a twisted cotton fixed to a circular metal plate which in turn is fixed to a stock.
Foss Mop consist of a dense cotton fringe inserted into a heavy metal stock
These consist of cellulose sponge fixed to a replaceable, lever-controlled head, hinged for wringing out and attached to a long handle. Using a sponge mop is one of the easiest ways to wash a hard floor. Short handled sponge mops are also available for cleaning windows.
A squeegee consists of a long metallic handle and a wooden or rubber blade to remove excess water from a surface being cleaned It is effective when followed by mopping with a damp mop.