List of Basic Indian Masala and Pastes With Ingredients and Method

21 Indian Spices and Pastes: Basic Indian Masala List

1) Aamchoori Masala

Ingredients for preparing 450 gms of Aamchoori Masala:

  • Aamchoor 0.15 kg
  • Saunf seed 0.05 kg
  • Ginger powder 0.05 kg
  • Cumin seed 0.05 kg
  • Coriander seed 0.1 kg
  • Red chilli powder 0.02 kg
  • Salt 0.01 kg
  • Ajwain 0.02 kg

Method:

  • Roast all the ingredients except aamchoor, ginger powder, salt, and red chilli powder.

  • Grind to a fine powder.

  • Mix rest of the ingredients.

Basic Indian Masala and Pastes - Aamchoori Masala


2) Amritsari Machli Masala

Basic Indian Masala and Pastes - Amritsari Machli Masala

Ingredients for preparing 415 gms of Amritsari Machli Masala:

  • Cumin seed 0.1 kg
  • Coriander seed 0.1 kg
  • Mint powder 0.04 kg
  • Carom seeds 0.025 kg
  • Hing 0.005 kg
  • Aamchoor 0.1 kg
  • Ginger powder 0.03 kg
  • Yellow chilli powder 0.015 kg

Method:

  • Roast cumin, coriander seeds, and carom seeds separately.

  • Grind to a fine powder and mix with the rest of the ingredients.


3) Bafat Masala

Basic Indian Masala and Pastes - Bafat Masala

Ingredients for preparing 415 gms of Bafat Masala:

  • Ajwain 0.1 kg
  • Cardamom green 0.05 kg
  • Cardamom black 0.05 kg
  • Cloves 0.025 kg
  • Bay leaves 0.05 kg
  • Cumin 0.15 kg
  • Coriander 0.3 kg
  • Mace 0.025 kg
  • Nutmeg 0.02 kg
  • Black pepper 0.3 kg
  • Ginger powder 0.05 kg
  • Kasoori methi 0.05 kg

Method:

  • Broil each ingredient separately and grind together to a powder.

  • Authentically the ingredients of this spice mix are dried in the sun for around a week and then powdered.


4) Bhatti Da Masala

Basic Indian Masala and Pastes - Bhatti Da Masala Masala

Ingredients for preparing 1.17 Kgs of Bhatti Da Masala:

  • Ajwain 0.1 kg
  • Cardamom green 0.05 kg
  • Cardamom black 0.05 kg
  • Cloves 0.025 kg
  • Bay leaves 0.05 kg
  • Cumin 0.15 kg
  • Coriander 0.3 kg
  • Mace 0.025 kg
  • Nutmeg 0.02 kg
  • Black pepper 0.3 kg
  • Ginger powder 0.05 kg
  • Kasoori methi 0.05 kg

Method:

  • Roast all the ingredients except ginger powder and kasoori methi.

  • Mix all the ingredients and grind to a fine powder.


5) Garam Masala Awadhi

Basic Indian Masala and Pastes - Awadhi Masala

Ingredients for 2.9 Kgs of Awadi Garam Masala:

  • Cardamom, green 0.2 kg
  • Cardamom, black 0.5 kg
  • Cloves 0.2 kg
  • Cinnamon stick 0.2 kg
  • Bay leaves 0.2 kg
  • Dry ginger 0.2 kg
  • Mace 0.3 kg
  • Nutmeg 0.2 kg
  • Black cumin 0.2 kg
  • Cumin seeds 0.5 kg
  • Rose petals, dried 0.2 kg

Method:

  • Dry all the ingredients well over a low heated tandoor for approx. 4days.

  • Grind to a fine powder and vacuum pack in small portions till required


6) Garam Masala Punjabi

Basic Indian Masala and Pastes - Garam Masala Punjabi

Ingredients for preparing 1 Kgs of Punjabi Garam Masala

  • Cumin 0.40 KG
  • Coriander 0.17 KG
  • Cardamom Green 0.10 KG
  • Cardamom Black 0.09 KG
  • Cinnamon 0.04 KG
  • Cloves 0.05 KG
  • Bay Leaves 0.03 KG
  • Mace 0.04 KG
  • Ginger Powder 0.06 KG
  • Nutmeg 0.01 KG
  • Black Peppercorns 0.08 KG

Method:

  • Dry all the ingredients well over a low heated tandoor for approx. 4days.

  • Grind to a fine powder and vacuum pack in small portions till required


7) Chettinad Masala

Basic Indian Masala and Pastes  - Chettinad Masala

Ingredients for preparing 1.6 Kgs of Chettinad Masala:

  • Peppercorns 0.15 kg
  • Dry red chillies 0.075 kg
  • Cinnamon 0.02 kg
  • Cardamom green 0.02 kg
  • Cardamom black 0.02 kg
  • Cloves 0.02 kg
  • Marathi moggu 0.02 kg
  • Pathar ka Phool 0.01 kg
  • Fennel 0.03 kg
  • Star anise 0.02 kg
  • Coconut grated 0.1 kg
  • Coriander 0.1 kg
  • Mace 0.02 kg
  • Nutmeg 0.4 kg
  • Curry leaves 0.5 kg
  • Poppy seeds 0.02 kg
  • Cumin seeds 0.02 kg
  • Fenugreek seeds 0.005 kg
  • Coconut oil 0.05 kg

Method:

  • Broil all the ingredients.

  • Saute the coconut in some oil till golden brown.

  • Make a paste or powder of all the above ingredients.

  • Do not use water for making the paste, use only oil.


8) Goan Masala

Basic Indian Masala and Pastes - Goan Masala

Ingredients for preparing 1 Kg of Goan Masala:

  • Red chillies 0.02 KG
  • Garlic 0.01 KG
  • Coriander seeds 0.02 KG
  • Cinnamon 0.003 KG
  • Cloves 0.003 KG
  • Green Cardamom 0.003 KG
  • Toddy Vinegar 0.005 LITRE
  • Sugar 0.005 KG

Method:

  • Grind all ingredients (red chillies, garlic, coriander seeds, cinnamon)

  • Cloves and cardamom to a fine paste along with toddy vinegar.

  • Store and use it as required.


9) Goda Masala

Basic Indian Masala and Pastes - Goda Masala

Ingredients for preparing 1.5 Kgs of Goda Masala:

  • Coriander seeds 0.5 kg
  • Sesame seeds 0.35 kg
  • Dry grated coconut 0.25 kg
  • Dried red chillies 0.1 kg
  • Cumin seeds 0.05 kg
  • Shah jeera 0.025 kg
  • Cassia buds 0.025 kg
  • Asafoetida 0.025 kg
  • Cloves 0.02 kg
  • Turmeric 0.02 kg
  • Dagad Phool 0.015 kg
  • Cinnamon 0.02 kg
  • Bay leaves 0.015 kg
  • Peppercorn 0.01 kg
  • Oil for frying 0.1 kg

Method:

  • Fry the ingredients in oil until golden brown in colour.

  • Grind to a paste and store it for further usage.


10) Green Masala

Basic Indian Masala and Pastes - Green Masala

Ingredients for preparing 500 gms of Green Masala:

  • Onion 0.08 KG
  • Green chillies 0.075 KG
  • Ginger 0.06 KG
  • Garlic 0.1 KG
  • Coriander Leaves 0.1 KG
  • Mint 0.06 KG
  • Tamarind 0.025 KG

Method:

Grind all the ingredients finely, without adding water. Use as a base for veg. and non-veg. korma. Can also be mixed with butter for sandwiches.


11) Gunpowder/Idili Masala

Basic Indian Masala and Pastes  - Idili Masala

Ingredients for preparing 450 gms of Idili Powder:

  • Curry leaves 0.01 kg
  • Dried red chillies 0.03 kg
  • Chana lentils 0.1 kg
  • Urad lentils 0.1 kg
  • Sesame seeds 0.07 kg
  • Black peppercorns 0.01 kg

Method:

Roast all the ingredients and grind into a coarse powder.


12) Kebab Masala

Basic Indian Masala and Pastes - Kebab Masala

Ingredients for preparing 450 gms of Kebab Masala:

  • Chaat Masala 0.2 KG
  • Yellow Chilli Powder 0.05 KG
  • Black Salt 0.03 KG
  • Garam Masala 0.03 KG
  • Salt 0.01 KG
  • Kasoori Methi 0.1 KG

Method:

Mix all the ingredients together.


13) Kohlapuri Masala

Basic Indian Masala and Pastes - Kohlapuri Masala

Ingredients for preparing 1 KG of Kohlapuri Masala

  • Red chilli powder 0.2 kg
  • Coriander seeds 0.06 kg
  • Sesame seeds 0.05 kg
  • Cumin seeds 0.02 kg
  • Mace 0.005 kg
  • Cinnamon 0.1 kg
  • Piece of ginger 0.02 kg
  • Cardamom pods 0.002 kg
  • Black cardamom 0.001 kg
  • Mustard seeds 0.005 kg
  • Coriander leaves 0.02 kg
  • Cloves 0.01 kg
  • Bay leaves 0.005 kg
  • Dry coconut 0.125 kg
  • Garlic 0.05 kg
  • Poppy seeds 0.025 kg
  • Peppercorns 0.01 kg
  • Asafoetida 0.005 kg
  • Turmeric 0.002 kg
  • Cassia buds 0.002 kg
  • Fenugreek seeds 0.01 kg
  • Dagad Phool 0.01 kg
  • Refined oil 0.20 litre
  • Salt 0.02 kg
  • Nutmeg 0.002 kg

Method:

  • Roast all the ingredients in the oil over a very slow flame until fragrant.

  • Cool and grind to a fine powder.

  • Store and use as required.


14) Malabari Curry Masala

Basic Indian Masala and Pastes - Malabari Curry Masala

Ingredients for preparing 1.5 KG of Malabari Curry Masala:

  • Coriander seeds 1 kg
  • Fenugreek seeds 0.075 kg
  • Fennel seeds 0.2 kg
  • Nutmeg 0.01 kg
  • Star anise 0.2 kg
  • Cloves 0.02 kg
  • Cinnamon 0.05 kg

Method:

Broil all the ingredients individually.

Cool and grind to a fine powder.

Store and use as required.


15) Pudina Masala

Basic Indian Masala and Pastes - Pudina Masala

Ingredients for preparing 1 KG of Pudina Masala:

  • Dry mint powder 0.5 kg
  • Chaat masala 0.2 kg
  • Anardana powder 0.2 kg
  • Yellow chilli powder 0.05 kg
  • Black salt 0.05 kg
  • Garam masala 0.02 kg
  • Salt 0.01 kg

Method:

  • Grind all the ingredients together.

  • Store and use as required.


16) Rasam Masala

Basic Indian Masala and Pastes - Rasam Masala

Ingredients for preparing 1 KG of Rasam Masala:

  • Peppercorns 0.075 kg
  • Cumin 0.1 kg
  • Dry red chillies 0.025 kg
  • Coriander seeds 0.01 kg
  • Turmeric 0.05 kg

Method:

  • Grind all the ingredients together.

  • Store and use as required.


17) Rechaedo Masala

Basic Indian Masala and Pastes - Rechaedo Masala

Ingredients for preparing 250 gms of Rechado Masala:

  • Dry red chillies 0.035 kg
  • Garlic 0.015 kg
  • Peppercorns 0.025 kg
  • Coriander seeds 0.05 kg
  • Cumin 0.03 kg
  • Turmeric 0.005 kg
  • Star anise 0.01 kg
  • Toddy vinegar 0.08 litre
  • Sugar 0.01 kg

Method:

  • Grind all the ingredients together.

  • Store and use as required.


18) Sambar Masala

Basic Indian Masala and Pastes - Sambhar Masala

Ingredients for preparing 2 kgs of Sambar Masala:

  • Small onion 1 kg
  • Dried red chillies 0.25 kg
  • Coriander seeds 0.25 kg
  • Chana lentils 0.035 kg
  • Urad lentils 0.035 kg
  • Cumin 0.03 kg
  • Fenugreek 0.02 kg
  • Peppercorns 0.03 kg
  • Asafoetida 0.005 kg
  • Dried turmeric 0.01 kg
  • Curry leaves 0.02 kg
  • Grated coconut 0.5 kg

Method:

  • Broil each ingredient separately.

  • Grind together into a fine paste and store and use as required.


19) Ver Masala

Basic Indian Masala and Pastes - Ver Masala

Ingredients for preparing 275 gms of Ver Masala:

  • Kashmiri Red chilli powder 0.1 KG
  • Garlic 0.05 KG
  • Onion 0.05 KG
  • Fennel seeds 0.025 KG
  • Hing 0.005 KG
  • Cloves 0.005 KG
  • Green cardamom 0.01 KG
  • Black cardamom 0.01 KG
  • Cinnamon 0.005 KG
  • Shahi Jeera 0.005 KG
  • Garam masala 0.01 KG

Method:

  • Grind all the ingredients to a fine paste.

  • Shape these cakes into small cakes and dry them in a moderately hot oven or on top of a tawa.

  • Usually, these cakes are dried in the winter sun and stored for further use.


20) Soola Masala

Basic Indian Masala and Pastes -  Soola Masala

Ingredients for preparing 170 gms of Soola Masala:

  • Coriander seeds 0.03 kg
  • Cloves 0.005 kg
  • Green cardamom 0.005 kg
  • Fennel seeds 0.01 kg
  • Garlic 0.03 kg
  • Mustard oil 0.05 kg
  • Coriander roots 0.02 kg
  • Peppercorns 0.02 kg

Method:

  • Heat mustard oil until it smokes and removes from the fire until the oil comes down to a temperature of 130 Deg C add cloves, garlic, and other spices except for fennel and saute.

  • Add the fennel at the end and remove from fire.

  • Cool the mixture and blend into a fine paste.


21) Xacuti Masala

Basic Indian Masala and Pastes - Xacuti Masala

Ingredients for preparing 275 gms of Xacuti Masala:

  • Onion 0.1 KG
  • Grated coconut 0.1 KG
  • Coriander seeds 0.05 KG
  • Cumin 0.025 KG
  • Cloves 0.01 KG
  • Black cardamom 0.04 KG
  • Green cardamom 0.03 KG
  • Cinnamon 0.02 KG

Method:

  • Slice the onions.

  • Broil rest of the spices individually.

  • Mix them together and grind it to a paste.

  • Store and use as required.