Types of Security Alarm Systems used in Hotels
There is a growing use of alarm systems in some hotels and motels. Alarm systems may sometimes be invaluable for the many entrances and emergency exits found through a hotel or motel and for perimeter control.
There should be a control center for all property alarms and the same should be properly located, Access to this room should be only permitted to authorized persons.
Alarm systems are mainly divided into three types:
- Local alarms.
- Contact alarms.
- Remote alarms.
Local alarms are those not hard-wired to a central monitoring location and may serve as deterrents. Examples is the local alarm that is integrated with the panic hardware on a fire exit. When the exit door is opened, the circuit is broken and the alarm sounds.
Contact alarms systems are hard-wired to a central point. so the same can be monitored and appropriate action may be taken when the alarm goes off. Silent alarms are always hard-wired to a central point and may be considered for cashier areas, storerooms, and other areas. From such a point, the alarm can be silently transmitted to the telephone room, police department, or private security company; both the police and the on-premises security personnel can be alerted.
Example of a contact alarm sometimes used in cashier areas that is helpful during robberies involves using a money clip that cannot be removed from a cash register without tripping a silent alarm.
Remote alarm systems typically relying some sort of transmission for example, the more elaborate microwaves, radio waves and photoelectric light.
Microwave detectors are active units which transmit and receive electromagnetic energy are designed to detect motion. Perimeter protection with microwaves is used in some properties due to its long range capabilities; its potential for stability, once adjusted; and its virtually tamper-proof characteristics.
This is best used in locations where unwanted movement should be detected.
Radio frequency (R F) fields trip an alarm when any intruder breaks the radio wave by moving into an R F field. As with the use of the microwave detector noted above, these systems are of greatest value in locations where there should be no motion.
This system is best used as an intruder alarm.
Photoelectric light beam is a filtered light beam passes between a sending and receiving unit; as is the case in R F field systems,any break in the beam sets off an alarm.
This system is generally used for outside perimeter control, especially in resort properties.
And Finally Fire Safety Alarms:
While the use of some alarm systems is usually optional, fire alarm systems are generally required by local fire and safety Laws.
Fire alarms is required to alert employees of fires or other emergency conditions. Because of this reason all hotels, motels and apartments must have a fire alarm system in proper operating condition which is tested at least every two months.