Support our work by becoming our Patron! Learn More
Different Types of vacuum cleaners used in hotels

Different Types of Vacuum Cleaners used in Housekeeping

Dry vacuum cleaners:

Types of Vacuum Cleaner used in Hotel Housekeeping

Dry Vacuum Cleaners are used for removing dust and small pieces of debris from the floors, upholstery, furnishings walls and ceilings.

These types has a flexible hose and come with different types of cleaning attachments such as a floor-cleaning head, power head, crevice-cleaning head, upholstery-cleaning head, dusting head, extension tubes etc.

Dustette or Handheld Vacuum Cleaners:

Different Types of Mechanical Cleaners in housekeeping

These are small, lightweight vacuum cleaners carried in the hand and used for cleaning curtains, upholstery edges, mattresses, computers and music systems. They clean by brushing and suction and are very easy to handle.

Back-pack vacuum:

Backpack Vacuum cleaners in housekeeping

Back Pack Vacuum are lightweight and ergonomic backpack system, which can be adjusted according to the operators preferences, makes working with such types of vacuum convenient and therefore increases productivity.

These types of cleaners are mainly used for cleaning curtains, upholstery edges, mattresses, computers and music systems. They clean by brushing and suction and are very easy to handle. They can be either carried in hand or strapped to the back of the housekeeping attendants.

Additionally used for cleaning hard to reach areas like ceiling, curtain ends, etc. and they are also called as 'Piggy Back' vacuums.

Main Features

  • Fatigue-free cleaning
  • Quiet operation
  • Power & efficiency
  • Versatility

Cylindrical vacuums:

These have no rotating brushes and work by suction only. A filter which also acts as a diffuser is fitted at the outlet which removes fine dust and micro-organisms from the flow of air passing through the outlet. This filter also reduces air disturbance and noise.

The dust-bag is inside the cylindrical body of the vacuum cleaner. A flexible hose along with the different type of attachments is used to clean a variety of surfaces. These are the type of vacuum cleaners which are commonly used by Housekeeping Attendants in guestroom cleaning. 

Electric brooms:

Battery Operated Electric Brooms used in housekeeping

These are very lightweight vacuums without a motor-driven beater brush. They are used only for light vacuuming and for touch-ups on carpets and hard floors

Latest generation of Electric brooms are battery operated and hence can be used without any cords.

Main Features

  • Simple, lightweight professional upright vacuum
  • Single vacuum and brush motor
  • Ideal for smaller carpeted areas 

Upright Vacuum:

Upright vacuums are the ones more frequently seen in hotels. The main body of the vacuum lies horizontal on the floor and is driven by a single motor. The dust-bag is outside the machine’s main body.

There is a belt-driven beater brush to facilitate removal of dust from thick-pile carpets. In an improved variation, there is a dual-motor system – one motor drives the beater brush and the other provides the suction.

The machine also has a built-in hose for cleaning corners and upholstery. This machine is most suitable for use on large carpeted areas.

Main Features:

  • Easy to use
  • Easy to manoeuvre
  • Easy to store
  • High quality

Carpet Pile lifter:

Types of Carpet Pile Lifter used in housekeeping

These vacuum cleaners are used to groom the long carpet piles. They lift up the carpet pile that has sacked down and makes it fluffy.

These vacuum cleaners are used to groom long-pile carpets. They lift up the carpet pile that has become packed down and restore their vertical orientation. It is especially useful before shampooing the carpet, more so if the soiling is heavy.

This provides a safe all-in-one spotting solution for all common water and oil based spots and stains on all carpets and soft furnishings.

Wet-and-dry vacuum cleaners:

Mechanical Cleaning Equipment used in hotel Housekeeping

Wet and Dry Vacuum are extremely useful in hotel housekeeping operations. They can pick up spills and excess wash water when on the wet mode. When on the dry mode, they help in removal of dust and debris. In hotels, these machines are usually used in their wet mode to pick up spills.

Such types of vacuum cleaners are also required when large areas of floors are being stripped of polish and cleaned. They have a flexible hose with attachments such as a squeegee head. The waste water collects in a tank that needs to be emptied after use.

A variation of this is the large tank-type vacuum cleaners. These are also called canister-type or industrial vacuum cleaners. They can be used for dry and wet pick-up or both. The waste water is scooped up by a squeegee attachment through a nozzle and travels back into the tank. They are used for cleaning large areas when time is a constraint and are ideal for cleaning lobbies, banquet halls and restaurants.


Centralized vacuum:

Centralized Vacuum Cleaners used in Hotels

In this type of unit, suction is generated at one point in the building. Meanwhile, soiling can be removed at vacuum points somewhere else in the building by suitable nozzles connected to detachable flexible hoses. The collected dirt is then conveyed by a network of pipes to a central container. This unit is expensive to install and is generally done at the building construction stage.

The main advantage of centralised vacuum is that it is extremely hygienic, since all the dust is carried away from the point of cleaning.Maintenance costs are usually lower.

Additionally the operative fatigue is lower and there are no frayed flexes to repair and no individual machines to go wrong. Such types of vacuum can also pick up spills and excess water when it is used on a wet mode. When on a dry mode, they help to remove the dust and debris.

Augustine's Avatar


Authored and managed by Augustine, a hotelier with over 20 years of experience in the industry. He has a 3-year diploma with 'honors' from the American Hotel & Lodging Educational Institute and a Bachelor of Computer Application - BCA Degree.